African mask

Citing an image from a web page

Image citation

Citing an image with no title or date

No title

  • break the URL before the punctuation (. – / ). Do not activate the URL in your reference list.
  • if there is NO TITLE, right-mouse-click and “inspect element” or select “Properties” to see the file name; or enter a description in square brackets, for e.g. [Digital image].



Graphs, charts, maps, drawings, collages, images and photographs are all examples of FIGURES. If you use figures in your assignments you need to include a caption below the figure.

Graphs and chartsFigure 1. Pie chart of the survey results. Respondents were asked whether or not they liked the sauce known as “monkeygland sauce” as eaten at restaurants in Zimbabwe.

In the caption, if the figure is not your own, you will need to state where you found it, for example:

Figure 2. Photograph of the crowds during market day.Some thoughts on Zimbabwe (p. 26) by A. N. Other, 2008, Singapore: Fantasy Books.


Figures In Text Citations

…when looking at Figure 1, it becomes obvious…



Collage of images

Give the source of each image in the caption, separated by a semicolon:

Figure 3. Collage of four photographs arranged to represent the Mazoe brand. Adapted from Some thoughts on Zimbabwe (p. 38, p.76) by A. N. Other, 2008, Singapore: Fantasy Books; More thoughts on Zimbabwe (p. 46) by A. N. Other, 2009, Singapore: Fantasy Books;Other thoughts on Zimbabwe (p. 26) by A. N. Other, 2010, Singapore: Fantasy Books.

Figure 4. Photographs compiled in such a way as to represent the Zimbabwe brand. Adapted from Zimbabwe Birds by Temsek Polytechnic School of Design, 2001, October 13, Digital images, The African animals collection, Z Drive Folder, Picasa Web Album.



Here you need to include a Table number and a title (in italics) before the table, and a note below the table.

Table 1
Number of Snakes Seen on Daily Walks
Note. The number of snakes, poisonous and non-poisonous, as seen on the nature walks in the hills of the Eastern Highlands of Zimbabwe last week, 11 to 17 October 2010.

In this Note you may also need to explain the table and abbreviations or symbols used, provide more information, or state where you found the information. For example:

Note. Distances between the towns in Zimbabwe with the distances in kilometers shown in boldface. Adapted from Africa on a shoestring(p. 1024), by D. Else, K. Anglin, B. Blond, J-B. Carillet, T. Chinula, J. Cornwell….V. Talbot, 2004, Oakland, CA: Lonely Planet.


Table In Text Citations

…as shown in Table 1, snakes are quite plentiful in Zimbabwe.

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